Brazil is the largest country in South America with 15,735 km (9,777 miles) of
boundaries with 10 out of the 12 South American countries: Argentina, Paraguai, Uruguai, Bolivia,
Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guiana, Suriname, and French Guiana.
There are only two South American countries that do not border with Brazil: Ecuador and Chile.
Brazil has 7,491 km (4,655 miles) on the Atlantic Coast.
With such a large coastline, there are inumerous beautiful beaches in Brazil.
But there are many other interesting landscapes. Check below.
Brazil has 8,514,215 square kilometers (3,287,343 square miles) of land, making
it the 5th largest in the world. Only Russia, Canada, China,
and the US have larger territories than Brazil.
If you take out Alaska, all of the US could
fit inside Brazil with a little to spare. All 23 European
countries could easily fit inside Brazil.
Brazil is a tropical country. Its territory are for the major part situated north
of the Tropic of Capricorn, which runs near
São Paulo. The tropical siting
manifests itself most in the climate and vegetation, therefore influencing the
the way of life
and the character of Brazilian people.
Brazil is the 5th most populous nation in the world, only surpassed
by China, India, Indonesia, and the US. Most of the 180
million Brazilians live in cities located in the relatively narrow coastal corridor
which widens somewhat south of Minas Gerais.
The interior of the country is either lightly populated or still uninhabited. However,
many additional development areas have sprung up in the last few years. There are
more people living in the southern part of the country than in
the northern one. Relatively few people live in the
Check out the extension of the Amazon Rainforest on the map below.
Brazilian people bear a
large variety of races and skin colors, made up of approximately 55% whites, 32% mixed of all shades, plus
some 8% blacks. A small part of the remaining percent is made up of native Indians,
whose numbers are estimated to be anything from 50 to 200 thousand. A much larger
group are the Japanese, who make up between 1% and 2% of the population.
Politically and administratively, Brazil comprises
five major regions - South, Southeast, Center-west, North, and Northeast - 26 federal
states, and the capital
Brasília, located in the federal district.
If you want to know more about the five major regions of Brazil,
Brazil is a federative republic. At the top of
the executive branch is the president, both the chief of state and head of
government. The legislative branch consists of a bicameral National
Congress, with a Federal Senate (81 seats) and a Chamber of Deputies (513 seats).
At the top of the Judicial branch is the Supreme Federal Tribunal, composed by
11 ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
Each state has a governor and each city has a mayor.
The president, governors and mayors, as well as senators, congressmen,
state and city representatives are elected by the people.
Brazilians vote in electronic ballot boxes which ensure
a perfect count every time. It’s as secure as using an ATM
at your local bank, and it’s also very quick.
Soon after the election is over, the results are known.
The current President of Brazil, Luís Inácio Lula da Silva, was elected
in 2002 with more than 52 million votes. He took office on January 1, 2003.
Salvador was the first capital of Brazil,
Rio de Janeiro the second.
Since 1960, Brazil's capital is
Brasília, located in the heartland
of the country, in a central plateau.
president works at the Palácio do Planalto
Palácio do Planalto
and senators work at the National Congress.
Supreme Court Justices work at the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court
These three buildings are situated around a large square in Brasilia,
called The Square of the Three Powers.
Brazil has the largest hydrographical network in the world,
with 55 thousand square kilometers of rivers.
If you travel through Brazil, you will cross many bridges over many
rivers. Some rivers are long and wide, like the Amazon, São Francisco
and the Paraná, but most are smaller in size. Look below
for a sunset over the Amazon River.
Rivers are important for transportation purposes, for irrigation
and also because they supply a great deal of electrical
energy to the country. In many countries, coal burning power plants
supply electricity, but they pollute the air. Energy may also come from
nuclear power, but disposing of the spent nuclear fuel can be a
big problem. In Brazil, however, most of the energy comes from
hydroelectric power that uses the waters own weight under gravity
to drive turbines to generate electricity.
fact, the second largest hydroelectric plant in the world is in southern
Brazil on the Paraná river. It is called Itaipu.